American Buffalo

Buffalo

The buffalo originally inhabited the Great Plains of the United States and Canada in massive herds, ranging from the Great Slave Lake in Canada’s far north to Mexico in the south, and from eastern Oregon almost to the Atlantic Ocean. Buffalo, or bison, were a keystone species, whose grazing pressure was a force that shaped the ecology of the Great Plains as strongly as periodic prairie fires. They were central to the lifestyle of Native Americans of the Great Plains.